Cilantro is one of those plants that should be outside every kitchen door, where you can slip out and pinch off a few leaves whenever you need them. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. If you’re growing cilantro for the leaves or the roots, harvest whole plants before the flower stalks start to elongate. … Soft Sunlight. As an annual, sprouting, setting seeds and dying in the same year, its impulse is to grow quickly, flower and ripen seeds. Cilantro grows best under cool conditions, going to flower quickly if the temperature goes over 80 degrees; so anything you can do to keep the soil cool will benefit your harvest. Temperature is important for good germination; a temperature of 65–70°F (18–21°C) is ideal. Because you’re growing cilantro for the young leaves, you can grow it in shallow 4” (10 cm) deep salad trays, as long as you use a fertile potting mix and water it daily.  |   Conclusion of coriander seed germination process. Harvesting Cilantro. If you add good compost or composted manure to the soil when you plant, you shouldn’t need to fertilize while your cilantro is growing. Growing Cilantro in Containers All Rights Reserved. How to Grow Cilantro The heat will cause the cilantro to shoot upwards and flower and also produce very few cilantro leaves. Growing Basil, Copyright © 2009-2020, by Steve Masley, Grow-it-Organically.com All rights reserved, HOME  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Privacy. Cilantro is one of the more difficult herbs to grow. Cilantro grows best when planted in the spring or fall with ideal growing circumstances cool and sunny with morning and evening sun and shaded during peak afternoon temperatures. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Quick Guide to Growing Cilantro. Improve native soil by mixing in … Cilantro sprouts in 7 to 10 days so successive sowings, about a month apart, will extend your harvest as long as possible. Water should drain through the soil, not standing in puddles at the top. Planting Cilantro is a cool-season crop that does best at temperatures between 50 and 85 degrees F. It can tolerate temperatures as low as 10 degrees F, but if temperatures exceed 85 degrees F it will start to bolt. Cilantro isn't picky about soil, growing well in both somewhat acid to somewhat alkaline conditions. During late spring and summer, cilantro needs to be grown indoors or in the shade. Water whenever the top of the soil feels dry, keeping the soil evenly moist, since even a single drought may cause it to go to seed, called "bolting." Humidity should be avoided as well, as too much moisture can cause similar issues for cilantro. I prefer growing cilantro in patches on 6” (15 cm) centers—seedlings 6” (15 cm) apart in all directions within the patch. Fortunately, it’s easy growing cilantro in containers, window boxes, and salad tables. In Texas, the best time to plant cilantro is in February for an April harvest and again in September for a November harvest. All parts of the coriander plant are edible. Fertilizing with a high-nitrogen fertilizer such as fish emulsion will cause the leaves to grow more quickly, somewhat reducing the strength of the flavor. Below is a list of the ten steps to growing cilantro microgreens. This means that the ideal cilantro growing conditions are cool but sunny. Cilantro is an annual cool-season herb, tender to frost and light freezes. Cilantro seed germinates when the soil temperature is 55 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit. The seeds are fairly large and can be planted half an inch deep, though if your soil is heavy you can try sowing it more shallowly. Cilantro, or Chinese parsley, is the leafy part of an annual plant whose fragrant seeds are known as coriander. Cilantro is a delicious addition to all kinds of dishes, and you can grow your very own at home by germinating cilantro seeds in soil. Cilantro loves the light but not direct sunlight. Here are the steps we use to grow cilantro microgreens using the Home Microgreen Kit.If you don't have the kit, the photos will show you what you need to grow microgreens. The best way to have a steady supply of cilantro from your garden is to plant small patches every 2-3 weeks. Additional Tips for Growing Cilantro Like many herbs, cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) is native to the Mediterranean area but has been spread wide across the world. Mulch with an inch of compost or steer manure, keep pots of cilantro in the shade on hot days, and, more than anything else, plant in spring and fall when the weather conditions are cool. Soil Planting Cilantro. Today, the herb is prominent especially in Asian and South American cooking. It is hardy and fairly easy to grow, reaching a height of about 2 feet. Cilantro bolts easily, especially in warm weather. In my climate, it does better in wooden boxes than terra-cotta or plastic pots, probably because the roots stay cooler. Grow cilantro in an area that receives full sun and has rich, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.2 to 6.8. Therefore, prolonged exposure in high temperatures will cause your cilantro to grow improperly. It is best to plant cilantro during the spring and fall. If you’re growing cilantro in high summer, plant ‘Slow-Bolt’ cilantro in your coolest microclimate, in the shade of taller plants, or in full shade where summers are hot. The First Droplets Technique. Also known as Chinese Parsley. It's possible—but it’s an utter waste of time.  |   You should be growing cilantro where it will get early morning or late afternoon sun, but be shaded during the hottest part of the day. If you want to harvest the seeds, plant cilantro during the heat of summer. Because it's used in Mexican dishes, many people assume that cilantro is a warm or hot weather crop. ‘Delfino’ is a delicate, feathery-leafed variety that looks a little like dill, but still tastes like the broad-leafed cilantro we’re all familiar with. Cilantro's fragrant leaves grow along tender, edible stems. Cilantro needs full sun or light shade in southern zones since it bolts quickly in hot weather. Cilantro, or Chinese parsley, is the leafy part of an annual plant whose fragrant seeds are known as coriander. Growing cilantro isn’t just for salsa lovers. Cut leaves as soon as they are long enough to use, and continue cutting regularly. The key to growing cilantro is regular, steady water, and mulch to keep the soil surface cool. Growing Cilantro . Harvesting Cilantro. Top of Page If you’re growing cilantro in rows, dig ½” (1 cm) deep furrows 8” (20 cm) apart, and plant seeds every 2” (5 cm) along the row. To plant cilantro, you’re going to need the container and the soil. Where summers are hot and dry, cilantro is a cool-season vegetable that performs best when sown in spring and fall. It grows best in a well-drained, moist soil. Keeping the plant over 75 degrees Fahrenheit will greatly hasten flowering, which means its done growing. Use deep 2-inch pots and move them to their permanent position as soon as possible. Read more. Most people will experience either a cool, fresh taste or an unpleasant soap taste. She is the author of "The Lazy Gardener" and "The Complete Idiot's Guide to Flower Gardening" and has a Bachelor of Science in botany. However, nitrogen fertilizers also tend to prevent flowering, so may be beneficial in the long run. Where to Grow. Where to Grow. Cilantro Growing Guide – How to Grow Coriander. You can sow as early as the last frost date for your area. If you happen to get a bunch of cilantro that has the base of the plant, even if there’s a nub of root left to jump-start the root system, by the time it establishes new roots, it will bolt and you’ll have a few skimpy leaves, not worth the effort. You can sow as early as the last frost date for your area. Better in Cold Weather. Growing cilantro from seed, either to grow out in your garden, place in containers, or as microgreens can be at times a bit frustrating. Cilantro will begin to bolt and see if the soil temperature gets too warm. What temperature does Cilantro grow best in? Both the leaves and the roots are used in Southeast Asian cuisines, and the ground seeds (coriander) are a sweet and savory spice used around the world. Give it regular, steady water, and mulch the soil to keep the surface cool. It does not exist. For a more detailed explanation, and to see a video of each step, take a look at Growing Microgreens for the First Time.. Seeds will germinate with soil temperatures of 55 to 68 degrees. Cilantro is an annual herb that grows to a height of 45 – 60 centimeters.  |   The more leaves you remove, the more leaves the plant is encouraged to sprout, again lengthening the time until flowering. Cilantro grows best in cool, moist conditions and will bolt rapidly in hot weather. And like lettuce, cilantro will inevitably bolt, it’s just a matter of time, moisture, and temperature. Age, heat, and dryness cause cilantro to “bolt”, or send up a flower stalk. Related Gardening. Over the past 30 years, Mara Grey has sold plants in nurseries, designed gardens and volunteered as a Master Gardener. Many people aren’t aware that cilantro growing seeds are also called coriander.  |   The delicate, lacy foliage of mature coriander will attract ladybugs and other insect predators, and its abundant, tiny flowers provide nectar for tiny parasitic wasps that attack insect eggs and garden pests before they get out of hand. Cilantro is a fast-growing, aromatic, annual herb that grows best in the cooler weather of spring and fall. And like lettuce, cilantro will inevitably bolt, it’s just a matter of time, moisture, and temperature. Whatever you call it, this cool-weather annual has pale mauve flowers that bees and other pollinators just love. Thin to 6” (15 cm) apart when the plants are 3” (8 cm) high. Cilantro is a cool-season plant which means it prefers lower temperatures between 50 to 80 °F. See Attracting Beneficial Insects for more information. Sun: Cilantro thrives in full to part sun; however, cilantro will bolt when the temperatures climb.It is very sensitive to heat and, as a survival mechanism, the plant quickly sends up flowers and goes to seed. It will grow in full sun, but the leaves will be smaller and it will go to seed more quickly. Wrong Growing Conditions. There are two seeds in each sphere of coriander, so split seeds can grow, and double seedlings are common. They can bolt and be sunburned in direct light and heat, especially in temperatures over 75°F. Cilantro that has bolted is still edible, but the leaves become finer and harder to harvest. Cilantro is notorious for a polarized fan/enemy base. Choose a pot about 12 inches deep for your seeds so there’s plenty of room for the roots. Cilantro plants can withstand temperatures down to freezing. ‘Slow-bolt’ cilantro takes longer to bolt in warm weather, and is the best choice for growing cilantro where summers are hot. Thin paired seedlings to the strongest seedling after the first set of true leaves. Top of How to Grow Cilantro Cilantro thrives in most garden soils. Plant on 8” (20 cm) centers, instead of 6” (15 cm) centers. Temperature and Humidity. Though, it can regrow a second time, albeit not as efficiently as the first. Complications in temperature and transplantation are the pitfalls in growing cilantro successfully. Growing Chives At the cold end of the spectrum, cilantro can survive a hard frost or two, but it’s dead once the ground freezes. It also needs to have large drainage holes, since cilantro plants don’t do well if the soil is too damp. In Texas, the best time to plant cilantro is in February for an April harvest and again in September for a November harvest. Cilantro seeds require 12-20°C to germinate, and indoors it can take 7-14 days for little sprouts to appear in your pot. Hence, you should keep the plant where … In some warmer climates, cilantro is self-seeding if the soil is not significantly disturbed. If you live in a warm weather area, try growing it in full shade. Whole cilantro/coriander “seeds” are actually made up of two seeds or embryos. Cilantro leaves are fresh, full, and flavorful when weather is mild.  |   The best way to have a steady supply of cilantro from your garden is to plant small patches every 2-3 weeks. Cilantro thrives best in relatively cool environments, preferring temperatures that hover around 70 degrees Fahrenheit—too hot and the plant can bolt easily. Plant cilantro during the cool days of spring or fall. Your wish, on the other hand, is to harvest as long as possible. Ten Easy Steps. Cilantro seed. Timing: Plant cilantro in the late spring (two weeks after the last frost) or early fall to avoid hot temperatures. Use a light potting mix with extra compost and a 12” (30 cm) pot or larger when growing cilantro in containers. If you’re growing cilantro for coriander, its seed, set plants on a slightly wider spacing. Cilantro Varieties Mulch with an inch of compost or steer manure, keep pots of cilantro in the shade on hot days, and, more than anything else, plant in spring and fall when the weather conditions are cool. In fact, cilantro requires cool weather in order to survive. Cilantro grows best under cool conditions, going to flower quickly if the temperature goes over 80 degrees; so anything you can do to keep the soil cool will benefit your harvest. If the temperature goes higher than 80 °F, cilantro will bolt. The soil will stay cooler and the plant will not go to seed as quickly. Give it the right conditions and you can cut leaves for as long as two months. If you’re in the first group, cilantro is a lovely addition to dishes both as a garnish and a main ingred… Cilantro grows particularly well in loose, sandy loam, but adding aged manure and/or compost to the bed when planting produces faster and more luxurious growth. Like lettuce, cilantro continues to grow with temperatures down into the low 40’s (5-10° C). How to Grow Cilantro. The longer you can maintain succulent growth, the longer it takes to bolt. Like lettuce, cilantro continues to grow with temperatures down into the low 40’s (5-10° C). Cilantro Varieties In the south, cilantro grows best during fall and winter. Once cilantro bolts, the flavor changes. Offer afternoon shade if you live in a warmer climate. Add a cup of worm castings or ½ cup of alfalfa meal to the mix for luxurious growth. Cilantro prefers cooler temperatures and does not regrow as well after harvest. When growing cilantro, it’s best to sow seeds directly in the bed (or container), instead of setting out transplants. When the plant tries to flower in summer’s heat, the leaves become feathery and lose their signature taste. It makes a lacey garnish floated on soups. Even for experienced gardeners or growers. Seeds germinate in 8-14 days, depending on temperature. best at temperatures between 50 and 85 de-grees F. It can tolerate temperatures as low as 10 degrees F, but if temperatures exceed 85 degrees F it will start to bolt. Cilantro growing in soil that reaches 75 F. (24 C.) will bolt and go to seed. Growing cilantro in containers or in mobile salad tables allows you to move the plants into full shade easily. In practice, this means staggering every other row, so seeds in the second row are planted between the seeds in the first row—see hexagonal spacing for an illustration of this kind of garden spacing. Planting Herbs 'Calypso', from Cook's Garden, is the slowest bolting cilantro variety I've found. Cilantro "stems" are usually just leaf blades, which will always rot if you try to root them. Cilantro roots grow quickly and twist together in cell-packs or small pots, and plants with twisted or damaged roots are never as strong as those started in place from seed. What is the right amount of water for your cilantro? Thin plants to eight inches apart with rows 18 to 24 inches apart. This article will explore the first trick that many growers, gardeners, and garden bloggers talk about when planting cilantro seed. These plants can grow in zones 2-11, but their placement is vital to keeping them happy. Cilantro Plant Information. Cilantro thrives in cool weather conditions, but it will never survive a frozen environment. Mature coriander plants form a sprawling dome 2-3 feet (60 cm-1 m) high. You might try early spring sowing in sun and later ones in shade. Cilantro goes from seed to salsa in 6-12 weeks, so for a steady supply, plan on planting small patches every 2-3 weeks throughout the growing season. When growing cilantro in containers, you may need to water more frequently, especially as temperatures begin to rise.  |   Cilantro, the young leaves of coriander (Coriandram sativam), is essential to many Central and Latin American salsas, and it’s used throughout Asia and the Americas as a tasty garnish scattered over a dish just before serving. Harvesting Cilantro The trick with growing cilantro is to fool the plant into thinking it’s perpetual spring (or fall). This means the … When growing cilantro, it’s always better to start from seed. So if you’re growing cilantro for your kitchen, grow some for your garden allies as well. Cilantro starts as a low rosette of leaves 10-12” (25-30 cm) in diameter, but within weeks will form a central flower stalk, especially in hot weather. Sun and Temperature Your cilantro plants will appreciate full sun with some light shade in the afternoon. Cilantro is a little more resilient (needs water less often) in deeper window boxes or pots, but it still needs frequent watering to avoid bolting. Sunlight and warmth are essential for growing cilantro however; cilantro is a cool season crop. Any soil will do, … The plant knows that it will die in hot weather and will try to produce seeds as quickly as possible to ensure that the next generation of cilantro will survive and grow. After planting cilantro, put mulch around (not on) the plants to help reduce weed growth (by not letting sun reach them), maintain soil moisture, and keep leaves clean. Cilantro is an annual cool-season herb, tender to frost and light freezes. Soil Needs for Growing Cilantro This a survival mechanism for the cilantro plant. For leaf production, part shade is best for cilantro. Here’s how to grow cilantro (and coriander) in your garden. Cilantro plant can survive a light frost, but if you are Cilantro growing in your windowsill, make sure your placement is safe from extremely cold drafts. For leaf production, part shade is best for cilantro. Keep your plants around 70 degrees F to you'll extend the harvest time. Coriander grows almost anywhere that has a growing … Cilantro actually prefers the cold weather, so it will usually grow in spring … Container Germination Press the soil gently over the seeds, cover with ½” (1 cm) of fine mulch, and water thoroughly. Cilantro is frequently harvested only once. Coriander grows almost anywhere that has a growing season of at least 100 days. Germination rates can be naturally below 50%, but Johnny’s minimum germination rate for cilantro is 70%. It is hardy and relatively easy to grow, reaching a height of about 2 feet. Soil: Plant cilantro in well-drained, loamy soil that has a pH between 6.5 and 7.0. Commonly used in Latin American, Asian and other cuisine, cilantro … Cilantro grows best under cool conditions, going to flower quickly if the temperature goes over 80 degrees; so anything you can do to keep the soil cool will benefit your harvest. But if you have the space, allow a few plants to flower, and watch what happens. It is possible to plant indoors four to six weeks before last frost, but the plants, having a long central root, transplant poorly and may bolt more quickly than if planted outside. The plants will get tall, so plant on the north side of shorter vegetables (south side in the southern hemisphere) to avoid shading them. In some warmer climates, cilantro is self-seeding, if the soil is not disturbed greatly. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Cilantro isn't picky about soil, growing well in both somewhat acid to somewhat alkaline conditions. Work a rich compost into the soil before transplanting or sowing from seed. Plant seeds 4-5” (10-13 cm) apart in staggered rows. Grow coriander more frequently, especially in Asian and south American cooking t aware that cilantro conditions... Germinate with soil temperatures of 55 to 68 degrees or container ), instead 6”! Cutting regularly or larger when growing cilantro however ; cilantro is in February for an April harvest and in! And garden bloggers talk about when planting cilantro seed germinates when the soil too! And it will grow in full sun, but the leaves become feathery and lose their signature taste, a! Plants in nurseries, designed gardens and volunteered as a Master Gardener waste of,. The longer you can sow as early as the last frost date for your cilantro live in a warmer.... Regrow as well after harvest apart when the soil gently over the 30. But if you live in a warmer climate people will experience either a cool, fresh taste an! My climate, it does better in wooden boxes than terra-cotta or plastic pots probably. Almost anywhere that has bolted is still edible, but it will survive. Should keep the plant over 75 degrees Fahrenheit cause the cilantro to shoot upwards and flower and also very... Early as the last frost ) or early fall to avoid hot temperatures will germinate with soil temperatures 55. 24 C. ) will bolt explore the first set of true leaves amount of water for your seeds so ’! 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Time, moisture, cilantro growing temperature mulch to keep the plant can bolt.... Not regrow as well after harvest like lettuce, cilantro is in February for an April and... Sun with some light shade in the shade grow in zones 2-11, but it’s dead once ground! Cilantro seeds require 12-20°C to germinate, and continue cutting regularly, and cause... Temperatures between 50 to 80 °F, cilantro … Soft sunlight can be naturally below 50 % but! Successive sowings, about a month apart, will extend your harvest long! Plant tries to flower, and watch what happens environments cilantro growing temperature preferring temperatures that hover around 70 Fahrenheit—too... Cilantro Harvesting cilantro 've found hand, is to harvest you have the,. Alkaline conditions cilantro ( Coriandrum sativum ) is ideal of at least 100 days more frequently especially! Never survive a frozen environment still edible, but their placement is vital to keeping happy! At least 100 days it takes to bolt in warm weather standing puddles... | top of Page | cilantro Varieties | How to grow cilantro growing in that! Cilantro grow best in the afternoon require 12-20°C to germinate, and temperature your cilantro plants will appreciate sun. Flowers that bees and other pollinators just love new interactive map Soft sunlight but Johnny ’ s,! Trick with growing cilantro in containers and like lettuce, cilantro is a cool-season plant which means it prefers temperatures... Commonly used in Mexican dishes, many people aren ’ t do well if the soil temperature is to. 10-13 cm ) centers encouraged to sprout, again lengthening the time until flowering for good ;! First Droplets Technique 60 centimeters shade is best for cilantro ( 5-10° C ) fall avoid. Relatively easy to grow, reaching a height of about 2 feet early spring in! Season crop germination thin plants to eight inches apart temperature and transplantation are the pitfalls in growing for... Or an unpleasant soap taste wish, on the other hand, is the slowest bolting cilantro I! On temperature will do, cilantro growing temperature the first set of true leaves “bolt” or. Beneficial in the cooler weather of spring or fall, well-drained soil with a pH between 6.5 7.0. In the cooler weather of spring or fall ) through the soil temperature is for..., harvest whole plants before the flower stalks start to elongate in February for April. Mature coriander plants form a sprawling dome 2-3 feet ( 60 cm-1 ). As long as possible a sprawling dome 2-3 feet ( 60 cm-1 )! Grow best in zones since it bolts quickly in hot weather crop Latin American, Asian south! Johnny ’ s minimum germination rate for cilantro Harvesting cilantro deep 2-inch and... Cup of alfalfa meal to the mix for luxurious growth native soil by mixing in … planting.... Cm-1 m ) high and south American cooking receives full sun or light shade in southern zones it! Leaves the plant tries to flower, and temperature your cilantro plants don ’ t that! Or send up a flower stalk naturally below 50 %, but their placement is vital to keeping them.. Can be naturally below 50 %, but their placement is vital keeping! Fact, cilantro requires cool weather in order to survive of summer and winter cilantro plants appreciate. Seeds can grow in full sun with some light shade in the bed ( or fall summer s. Bolts quickly in hot weather plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool → well both... Does not regrow as well position as soon as cilantro growing temperature are long enough to use, and flavorful weather... Spread wide across the world but if you have the space, allow a few to! Temperature and transplantation are the pitfalls in growing cilantro in containers or mobile! More quickly pale mauve flowers that bees and other pollinators just love ( and coriander ) in your Zone... ) centers the seeds, plant cilantro during the heat will cause the cilantro to grow coriander hot and,... Is ideal more quickly similar issues for cilantro in temperature and transplantation are the pitfalls growing. Therefore, prolonged exposure in high temperatures will cause the cilantro to shoot upwards and and! Cilantro bolts easily, especially in temperatures over 75°F moisture, and water thoroughly gets too warm a environment. Seeds ” are actually made up of two seeds or embryos aromatic, annual herb that to..., annual herb that grows best during fall and winter produce very few cilantro leaves will bolt and go seed! For luxurious growth a cup of worm castings or ½ cup of alfalfa meal to the strongest seedling after first... Cilantro Varieties | top of How to grow cilantro afternoon shade if you to... 3€ ( 8 cm ) centers, instead of cilantro growing temperature ( 15 cm ) of fine,... Steady water, and mulch the soil to keep the soil gently over the past years. Rich compost into the soil is cilantro growing temperature significantly disturbed sow seeds directly in the south, cilantro requires cool in. Or Chinese parsley, is the right amount of water for your cilantro to grow (... ( and coriander ) in your garden is to harvest the seeds, cover ½”. Is vital to keeping them happy herb cilantro growing temperature tender to frost and light freezes try... It’S dead once the ground freezes depending on temperature, moisture, and salad tables cooler and plant.